Mariella Miraglia and Gail Kinman review the evidence on presenteeism.
Have you ever struggled into work when you felt sick enough to stay at home? If so, you are one of the 43 per cent of European workers (according to a 2012 Eurofound survey) who have engaged in presenteeism. People work while sick for several reasons, such as excessive job demands, a sense of obligation to their employers or service users, and fear of job loss. Some may choose to work while sick because they enjoy their job too much to take time off. Although presenteeism is commonplace, scholarly interest in the phenomenon only emerged in the late 1990s but it is now increasing rapidly.